Demografie, revue pro výzkum populačního vývoje - č. 1/2022

 
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ČLÁNKY
Pavol Ďurček – Lenka Gašparová
Rozdiely v úmrtnosti medzi mestom a vidiekom: poloha ako diferenciačný faktor
Abstract
Demografie, 64(1): 3–23

https://doi.org/10.54694/dem.0291

Abstract

The main aim of the paper is to compare the mortality rate of urban and rural areas of the Slovak Republic in three time periods: 1971–1975, 1988–1992, and 2015–2019. The urban areas here are represented by the centres of functional commuter regions defined in the work of Halás et al. (2012). The rural areas are the hinterlands of these centres. Methodologically the analysis is based on the concept of relative regional differentiation. Basic measures of variability are used to monitor the overall and component unevenness of the standardised crude mortality rates. The most important findings of our study are the answers to our hypothetical questions. While the hypothesis was confirmed for the periods 1971–1975 and 1988–1992, the results did not confirm the validity of the hypothesis for the period 2015–2019. Using a regression analysis, we found that the spatial picture of the intensity of mortality did not change much between the 1970s and the present. The results of the regression analysis also show a difference in the intensity of mortality between the north and the south of the Slovak Republic.

Keywords

mortality, city, countryside, differentiation, location, regression analysis


Luděk Sýkora – Otakar Bursa
Mladí dospělí v pražském metropolitním regionu: tikající bomba ve světle metodických zákrut geodemografie a demogeografie
Abstract
Demografie, 64(1): 24–45

https://doi.org/10.54694/dem.0294

Abstract

This article analyses the changing population of young adults aged 18–26 and its geographic distribution in the Prague metropolitan region between 2002 and 2017. It reveals a dynamically declining proportion of young adults in all parts of the metropolitan region as the result of major changes that have occurred in the general age structure of the population and age-specific migration to the suburbs. However, the number of young adults living in the Prague hinterland has increased as the result of massive suburban population growth. While young adults have been somewhat less visible until now, they will gain increasing importance in the coming decades, as the large cohorts of children born to suburbanites will gradually reach the age of young adulthood.

Keywords

young adults, suburbanisation, Prague metropolitan region


RECENZE
Ludmila Fialová
K pozadí koncepce Retrospektivního / Historického lexikonu obcí České republiky PDF

ZPRÁVY
The 13th Conference of Young Demographers Went Hybrid! PDF

Konference Aktivní stárnutí prostřednictvím inovací: Poučení z pandemie COVID-19

6. ročník soutěže České demografické společnosti o nejlepší kvalifikační práci v oboru demografie

Konference České demografické společnosti: ohlédnutí za výročním 50. ročníkem a pozvánka na 51. ročník

Co a kdy přinese 11. revize Mezinárodní klasifikace nemocí

Za PhDr. Pavlou Horskou, CSc.


PŘEHLEDY
Ivan Šotkovský
Populační vývoj obcí Moravskoslezského kraje po roce 1990
Abstract
Demografie, 64(1): 62–76

https://doi.org/10.54694/dem.0292

Abstract

This article presents a regional analysis of the population size of municipalities in the Moravian-Silesian Region after 1990. Population size, determined by natural change and migration behaviour, is always a key issue for municipalities with a view to their future development. As part of the background to population development in the municipalities in this region, the article analyses population development in the Czech regions since 1869, with a more detailed focus on the Moravian-Silesian Region, especially since 1994. It looks at natural change and migration behaviour in 300 municipalities in the Moravian-Silesian Region from 1994 to 2020, and it examines the basic differences in population growth or decline in the municipalities in two different periods (1994–2008 and 2009–2020). It also analyses the differences in the long-term development of the population size of municipalities in the Moravian-Silesian Region from the perspective of the size categories of municipalities.

Keywords

Czech regions, municipalities in the Moravian-Silesian Region, net migration, population growth, population size


Ivan Das – Anjana Bhattacharjee
Rape Myth Acceptance in Indian Adults: A Demographic Analysis
Abstract
Demografie, 64(1): 77–85

https://doi.org/10.54694/dem.0290

Abstract

This study seeks to identify the demographic variables that are related to rape myth acceptance (RMA) among young adults in India. Adding to the scarce body of research on the subject of rape myth acceptance in India, this study draws on research that was conducted on a sample of 1000 adults, the majority of whom were women (Fn= 660, Mn = 340). Age, marital status, and a personal history of victimisation were found to be associated with the nature of rape myth acceptance (high and low RMA) among young adults. Gender, qualifications, and occupation were not linked to RMA. However, even with a smaller number of male participants in the study, a larger share of people with a high RMA was found among men than women. The highest rates above the average RMA were found among people in the 30–35 age group, people with an Mphil/PhD, people whose occupation was in the field of business, and participants who were married. A personal history of sexual victimisation was found to be associated with RMA, but most participants who had no personal history of victimisation had a higher RMA than those participants who had a history of being sexually victimized.

Keywords

rape myth; rape; demographic variables; history of sexual abuse

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Zveřejněno dne: 18.03.2022
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