Statistical surveys of the CZSO

 


Statistical surveys in the Czech Republic are in compliance with Act No. 89/1995 Coll., on the State Statistical Service, as amended, conducted by the Czech Statistical Office and individual workplaces of the state statistical service at the ministries. An overview of statistical surveys is published every year in the form of a Decree on the Programme of Statistical Surveys. Based on the Decree a reporting duty arises. A basic overview on the number of surveys is mentioned in the table below.
 
Table No. 1: Overview of statistical surveys with the reporting duty in 2009 – 2013

Number of surveys
Programme of Statistical Surveys in the year
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
CZSO
125
119
114
114
110
Total
228
210
203
205
197

Surveys of the Czech Statistical Office (CZSO)
 
a) Surveys with the reporting duty (based on the Decree of the CZSO on the Programme of Statistical Surveys)
 
The statistical surveys can be broken down into the following areas:
 
  • Business (economic) statistics – within business statistics there are two systems of surveys. The SBS system for annual surveys and the STS system for short-term surveys. The surveys are focused mainly on economic indicators and indicators from the area of labour and some other indicators from sectoral statistics are added. In both these systems individual questionnaires are divided into parts or annexes and according to the character of a business, for a given type of a business there are arranged questionnaires or “tailor-made” annexes to them. All that is prepared in such way, that one business does not need to fill in the data duplicately in more questionnaires or to fill in the same indicators e.g. for all quarters and at the same time for the entire year.
    The SBS system includes 9 annual surveys, 4 of which are determined exclusively for financial and insurance activities, 1 for non-profit institutions, 1 for health insurance companies, 1 for general government and 2 for all industries (1 of which focuses exclusively on total labour costs). Individual annexes of these surveys are focused on a certain area, e.g. annex on non-financial assets, annex on financial assets and liabilities, annex on revenues, costs, total assets and additional indicators, annexes focused on indicators typical for a certain sector/industry (CZ-NACE activity), etc. Some of these annexes are made in more versions of different scopes. Larger or shorter versions of annexes are designed for given businesses according to a business type and its importance for the statistics.
    The STS system includes 10 surveys, 7 of which are quarterly and 3 monthly; 2 surveys are determined exclusively for financial and insurance activities, 1 for health insurance companies, 1 for general government and public institutions, 1 for services industry, 1 for industry, 1 for construction and 3 for all industries (1 of which focuses only on indicators from the area of labour). Similar principles are valid here as at the SBS. For example, when a business is sent a monthly questionnaire designed for the industry sector, it is then sent a shorter version of a quarterly questionnaire with economic indicators, which is determined for all sectors/industries.
    Business statistics comprises, as it was mentioned already above, also surveys of government statistics. Government statistics is surveyed by a quarterly survey in the STS system, annual survey in the SBS system and one special annual survey on drawing of sources from abroad (sources, use, co-financing from the EU sources). This survey is carried out in cooperation with the Ministry of Finance and is determined e.g. for organisational units of the state, state funds, organisations of the general government sector, unions of municipalities and budgetary organisations, public universities, and the like, which draw financial sources from abroad.
  • Sectoral statistics – surveys from sectoral statistics are designated for businesses, which deal with a given activity or it is their principal activity.
  • Agriculture and forestry – mainly annual or half-yearly surveys, four of which are focused on crop production (e.g. data on the quantity of harvested crops, consumption of fertilisers, weight indicators of selected crop products, estimation of production of selected agricultural crops, etc.), five surveys are focused on animal production (number of individual kinds of livestock in heads by age category and sex, data on raising of cattle, poultry, pigs, number and weight of slaughtered animals), one survey is related to forestry (balances of unstocked land, data on afforestation/reforestation, removals and deliveries of roundwood, processed forest biomass, utilised areas, and on related sawmill production). Agricultural statistics includes a questionnaire for classification of a unit to the Agroregister (the following are surveyed: identification data, data on utilization of agricultural land, numbers of livestock raised, and numbers of grown fruit trees and bushes).
  • Industry, construction, and energy – in the area of industry and construction, one annual survey in industry is carried out besides business statistics (it is related to industrial production, inventories and sales of industrial products, sales of non-industrial products, construction work and non-industrial services, sales of goods, consumption of material, energy and services for production), further four surveys in the area of construction (three of them are in the form of reports submitted by planning and building control authorities, namely on demolition of a building or dwellings that ceased to exist, on completion of a building or a dwelling, on building notifications and building permits, buildings and dwellings, one annual survey is focused on construction works in the Czech Republic, their structure by type of works, by type of constructions, and construction site). In the energy industry, two monthly surveys on crude oil, crude oil products and biofuels are carried out, as well as five annual surveys on the consumption of fuels and energy and inventories of fuels, on sources and classification of fuels, on energy processes, production and distribution of electricity and heat, consumption of fuels and energy for production of selected products.
  • Tourism – one monthly and one quarterly survey, in which territorial identification of an accommodation establishment is surveyed, as well as its category and activity, the number of arrivals and overnight stays of guests by country of permanent residence of a guest, the number of rooms and beds , the average number of rooms and available beds , the average achieved price per room, the number of days of operation, the number of places for tents and caravans, the capacity for organisation of congresses, the number of congress events and  participants.
  • Waste, the environment, water management – one annual survey is carried out on waste (the following are surveyed: data on the amount of waste generated, transferred from other companies and taken from store or imported from abroad, the way of their use or disposal, the amount of secondary raw materials and their consumption for production of selected products), one annual survey on environmental protection expenditure (the following are surveyed: expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets for the environmental protection, sources of financing, economic benefit from environmental protection activities). Further, two surveys from the area of water management are carried out. In the survey on watercourses, the following are surveyed: use of exclusive rights to natural resources, pollution charges, basic data on watercourses, abstractions and releases of water by customers in technical units and Czech crowns, pollutants discharged into watercourses. In the survey on public water-supply and sewerage systems – data on water-supply and sewerage systems, production and supply of drinking water by customer, data on disposal and treatment of sewage water, public wastewater treatment plants, and sewage sludge management.  
  • Social statistics – there are two surveys from the area of culture: one is on radio broadcasting and the other one on television broadcasting. They are determined for holders of licences for radio or television broadcasting. The following data are surveyed: on types of programmes by the number of broadcasted hours, principal activity of entities with a radio or television licence, their income (revenues), expenditure (costs), acquisitions less disposals of property, subsidies and grants for investments and the number of employees. Another survey deals with incapacity for work due to disease or injury; it surveys indicators characterizing incapacity for work due to disease or injury broken down by kind, injury rate of women and juveniles, paid compensations and surcharges, preventive care and dangerous work, the average number of sickness-insured persons. This survey is determined for all businesses with 25+ employees.
  • Cross-sectional statistics – they are designed for businesses of all industries and have specific criteria for inclusion of the businesses in a survey; they comprise survey on research and development (which surveys, for example, structure of employees of research and development broken down by sex, qualification and occupation, structure of expenditure on own research and development including sources of financing, purchases of services of research and development from other entities, results of research, development and their commercial utilization, and the like), surveys on licences (purchase and sale of licences by type of licence agreement, country of a contractual partner, code of production for classification of a licence agreement, number of concluded licence agreements and paid licence fees, estimation of purchase of new licences) and a questionnaire on utilization of information and communication technologies (basic data on the distribution, way and scope of utilization of information and communication technologies (ICT) and systems, utilization of ICT in enterprises for exchange of information and services with the public administration, barriers preventing their utilization, an influence of ICT on the environment, costs and investment in information technologies, data on employees using ICT, and the like).
  • Demography – four statistical reports in total (on marriages, births, deaths, divorces), which are submitted by municipal authorities responsible for maintaining such registries, or medical establishments and district courts.
  • Price statistics and external trade – there are 47 surveys in total, mainly monthly surveys; external trade survey is a quarterly survey. In price statistics surveys, the following are surveyed: prices of selected representatives from the area of agriculture, industry, construction, energy, services and external trade. Besides prices of selected representatives, most often are surveyed sales of selected products or sales for provisions of selected services for the previous period. Three of these surveys are carried out as direct surveys (without a questionnaire form); they apply to consumer prices and prices of parameters of residential real estates. Price statements are sent (to be filled in) to incorporated businesses and at some surveys also to the unincorporated but with such principal activity, which is surveyed.
    In external trade surveys, the following information is gathered: occurrence of exports or imports of services, kind of service, country of origin or country of destination of the provided service and relevant invoiced amounts for these services. The survey is designed for all businesses, which import or export services with the exception of tourism industry.
  • Business cycle surveys – five surveys in total, which are carried out in the sphere of enterprises, provide information on expected development trends in the main areas of business economics in the near future. They result from opinions of entrepreneurs, who work in the area of interest, i.e. in industry, construction, trade, in selected services and in the area of investments. They speak of outlooks for the future by means of partial questions (on production or business activity, demand, prices, credits, employment, competition, factors limiting condition of a business, financial indicators are observed as well as sale and stocks of goods, export, import, acquisition of tangible fixed assets, directions and types of investments, etc.).
  • Registers – two surveys, in which data are surveyed, which characterize legal and natural persons, their identification, characteristics of performed activity, identification data on local units, the number of employees, way of foundation, foreign capital participation, and main activity of local units. The survey serves mainly for the needs of updating of data in the Business Register and is determined for selected legal or natural persons recorded in the register.
 
Most of the surveys are carried out annually. Some surveys are conducted once in a few years (e.g. continuing vocational training survey, and survey on orchards once in 5 years, structural survey in agriculture once in 10 years, questionnaire on innovations once in 2 years, and the like). Most of these surveys are carried out based on a regulation of the EU.

b) Surveys without the reporting duty are carried out on a voluntary basis, these surveys are usually made by field workers directly in households. This applies to the following surveys:
 
  • The Household Budget Survey (HBS) provides information on expenditure and consumption structure of private households, on differences in consumption patterns of households classified by various aspects, or on impacts of certain factors (e.g. price movements, situation in the market) on expenditure structure. There is no other source of information on consumption behaviour of households.
  • Labour Force Sample Survey (LFSS) – results of the survey improve quality of information on the character of employment and unemployment of the population and other related phenomena; it enables to survey the status and development of various types of households and respondents.
  • Survey on ICT usage in households and by individuals – it is an independent annex to the LFSS – the following information is collected: on equipment, access to and the way of usage of information and communication technologies by households.
  • Tourism Sample Survey (TSS) – it is a source of information for the Tourism Satellite Account of the Czech Republic (TSA); it serves the needs of both the professional and general public.
  • European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) – the data are collected both on the household level and for individuals 16 years old and over; the following data are collected on the household level: income of the different types of households, quality of housing, housing cost, material conditions of the household; the data surveyed on the individual level are as follows: overall personal income of the adult members of the household, their social and economic situation, labour characteristics, health conditions etc.

The following table provides an overview of the number of statistical surveys by periodicity carried out by the CZSO.
 
Table No. 2: Statistical surveys by periodicity

Periodicity
Programme of Statistical Surveys
in the year
2012
2013
Monthly
49
48
Quarterly
17
17
Half-yearly
4
4
Annually
33
32
Other (e.g. ad hoc / one-time)
11
9