External trade - September 2017

Exports and Imports Increased Slightly Y−o−Y

Code: 241018-17

According to preliminary data, in September 2017 the external trade balance in goods ended in a surplus of CZK 20.2 bn, which was by CZK 0.8 bn higher, year-on-year (y−o−y).

The total balance in the national concept1), was favourably influenced mainly by a y−o−y increase of the trade surplus in 'motor vehicles, trailers and semitrailers' by CZK 2.1 bn, 'machinery and equipment' by CZK 1.7 bn and 'electrical equipment' by CZK 1.2 bn. Deficit shrank in 'coke and refined petroleum products' by CZK 1.7 bn and 'chemicals and chemical products' by CZK 1.4 bn.

A larger deficit of the trade balance in 'crude petroleum and natural gas' and 'basic metals' by CZK 3.7 bn and CZK 2.4 bn, respectively, affected primarily the total trade balance in a negative manner.

In September 2017 the trade balance with the EU28 Member States ended in a surplus of CZK 57.1 bn, and thus it was by CZK 7.3 bn higher, y-o-y. The trade deficit with the non-EU countries deepened by CZK 6.7 bn to reach the amount of CZK 35.7 bn.

Compared to August 2017 the seasonally adjusted exports and imports in the national concept fell by 2.1% and 2.9% respectively. The development trend shows stagnating exports and decreasing imports (−0.7%).

Compared to the same month of 2016, exports and imports rose by 1.8% (to CZK 293.8 bn) and by 1.6% (to CZK 273.6 bn), respectively.

In the period from January to September 2017 the trade balance surplus in the national concept reached CZK 139.3 bn which represented a decrease by CZK 9.7 bn, y−o−y. From the beginning of the year exports and imports went up by 5.9% and 6.7%, respectively, y−o−y.

Detailed information on external trade in the national concept:

Information on the cross-border movement of goods

According to preliminary data of the cross-border concept2) in September 2017 exports and imports in current prices increased by 1.3% and 2.1%, y-o-y, respectively. Total exports and imports of goods amounted to a value of CZK 354.8 bn and CZK 312.1 bn, respectively.

According to the Eurostat statistics, in August 2017 the Czech Republic shares in the total exports and imports of the European Union were 3.2% and 2.9%, respectively.

Detailed information on external trade in the cross-border concept:



1) The national concept of external trade reflects export and import performance of the Czech economy, i.e. the external trade balance of the Czech Republic as well. It measures real trade in goods carried out between Czech and foreign entities, i.e. a change of ownership between residents and non-residents.

2) The cross-border concept of external trade reflects only physical movements of goods across the border regardless of whether the trade between Czech and foreign entities occurs. These data are internationally comparable and can be used as indicators of development in the value of trade.

Data for companies, that failed to report data (non-response), have been imputed according to dispatches and receptions these companies reported in the previous period. Data for companies exempted from the reporting duty were estimated on the basis of the data given in the VAT return forms. The data, which were not available from the VAT return forms, are estimated on the basis of the values for previous periods.

Data for 2016 are final and data for 2017 are preliminary.

Responsible head at the CZSO: Jaroslav Sixta, phone (+420) 274 054 253, e-mail: jaroslav.sixta@czso.cz
Contact person: Karel Král, phone (+420) 274 052 161, e-mail: karel.kral@czso.cz
Method of data collection: Intrastat forms and single administrative documents; and value added tax return forms
End of data collection: 20th working day after the end of the reference month
Following data sets: w-241013-17 External Trade of the Czech Republic –detailed breakdown (monthly): https://www.czso.cz/current-product/41320
w-241014-17 External Trade of the Czech Republic –by CZ-CPA in the national concept (quarterly)
External Trade Database is available on: http://apl.czso.cz/pll/stazo/STAZO.STAZO?jazyk=EN

Next News Release will be published on: 7 December 2017


  • avzo110317.docx
  • Annexes:
  • Chart 1 Balance of external trade in goods in the national concept (total trade balance, trade balances with the EU Member States and non-EU countries)
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Published: 03.11.2017
The data are valid as of the release date of the publication.

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